deconstruction literary theory

Retrouvez Beyond Deconstruction: Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Between the late 1960s and the early 1980s, many thinkers were influenced by deconstruction, including Paul de Man, Geoffrey Hartman, and J. Hillis Miller. Others accused it of being ahistorical and apolitical. Combining deconstruction’s interest in tension and oppositions with the design vocabulary of Russian constructivism, deconstructivist architects such as Frank Gehry challenged the functionalist aesthetic of modern architecture through designs using radical geometries, irregular forms, and complex, dynamic constructions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Though a deconstructive reading can reveal the incompatible possibilities generated by the text, it is impossible for the reader to settle on any permanent meanings. Finally, these readings placed special emphasis on the ways in which the works themselves offered implicit critiques of the categories that critics used to analyze them. Literary criticism Theory of deconstruction Mam Fariha Shafqat Huma Nawaz(1060) M.A English (B) 2014-2016 University of education Bank road campus Lahore Subject Topic Submitted to Submitted by Class session 2. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The volume focuses on the works of Jacques Derrida which caused this seismic shift in critical thought, as well as the work of N Howard Felperin (Author) 3.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. 12. It is in the first instance a philosophical theory and a theory directed towards the (re)reading of philosophical writings. Noté /5. Most generally, deconstruction joined with other strands of poststructural and postmodern thinking to inspire a suspicion of established intellectual categories and a skepticism about the possibility of objectivity. In psychoanalysis, deconstructive readings of texts by Sigmund Freud and others drew attention to the role of language in the formation of the psyche; showed how psychoanalytic case studies are shaped by the kinds of psychic mechanisms that they purport to analyze (thus, Freud’s writings are themselves organized by processes of repression, condensation, and displacement); and questioned the logocentric presuppositions of psychoanalytic theory. Introduction to Modern Literary Theory. As already noted, deconstruction differs from Destruktion in that it has no fixed or expected endpoint or map, but is rather a potentially infinite process. Reading against the grain, finding the loopholes, looking for silly grammatical glitches and proving that … It is in the first instance a philosophical theory and a theory directed towards the (re)reading of philosophical writings. It owed its origins in part to the linguistic and other work of French philosophers and critics such as Ferdinand de Saussure, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida. Although its ultimate aim may be to criticize Western logic, deconstruction arose as a response to structuralism and formalism. 1) on the fact that deconstruction sees all writing as a complex historical, cultural process rooted in the relations of texts to each other and in the institutions and conventions of writing, and 2) on the sophistication and intensity of its sense that human knowledge is not as controllable or as convincing as Western thought would have it and that language operates in subtle and often contradictory ways, so that certainty will always elude us. Finally, the influence of deconstruction spread beyond the humanities and social sciences to the arts and architecture. In the United States in the 1970s and ’80s, deconstruction played a major role in the animation and transformation of literary studies by literary theory (often referred to simply as “theory”), which was concerned with questions about the nature of language, the production of meaning, and the relationship between literature and the numerous discourses that structure human experience and its histories. Retrouvez Beyond Deconstruction: The Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Deconstruction: Theory and Practice has been acclaimed as by far the most readable, concise and authoritative guide to this topic. Still others regarded it as a nihilistic endorsement of radical epistemic relativism. QUESTION. It is in fact much closer to the original meaning of the word 'analysis' itself, which etymologically means "to undo" -- a virtual … Are you an author? French critic Jacques Derrida is also recognized as French Philosopher who developed three works which namely: Of Grammatology, Writing and Difference, and Speech and Phenomena and other writings on theory of signs. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Barbara Johnson and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak , for example, both translators of Derrida’s work, were instrumental in bringing Deconstruction into Feminism , Psychoanalysis , and the critique of gender … Its impact on literature, mediated in North America largely through the influences of theorists at Yale University, is based …the challenge of postmodernism and deconstruction been felt more keenly than in the history of ideas. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! DECONSTRUCTION IN PRACTICE In deconstruction the signified and the signifier are unstable, and can take on multiple meanings. Arguing that identity is the product or result of action rather than the source of it, they embraced a performative concept of identity modeled on the way in which linguistic acts (such as promising) work to bring into being the entities (the promise) to which they refer. There is a focus on the actual rhetoric and verbiage of the text as … Beyond Deconstruction: The Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory Howard Felperin Abstract. Deconstructionists, by contrast, see works in terms of their undecidability. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The work of Judith Butler, for example, challenged the claim that feminist politics requires a distinct identity for women. Deconstruction can help us to question and revise everything we're told about the world—our received ideas. Founded in 1977 it remains responsive to new concerns and committed to patient, inventive reading as the wellspring of critical research. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion [1970–75; < French] Though Deconstruction is primarily understood as a theory of TEXTUALITY and as a method for reading texts, it constitutes for many a radically new way of seeing and knowing the world. See search results for this author. Extending the philosophical excursions of Nietzsche Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm. Without oversimplifying or glossing over the challenges, Norris makes deconstruction more accessible to the reader. A brief, simplified explanation of Literary Deconstruction for a college course project. Some strands of feminist thinking engaged in a deconstruction of the opposition between “man” and “woman” and critiqued essentialist notions of gender and sexual identity. As a result, deconstruction became associated and sometimes confused with other trends, including reader response theory, which argues that a text's Without oversimplifying or glossing over the challenges, Norris makes deconstruction more accessible to the reader. They generally examined the individual work not as a self-contained artifact but as a product of relations with other texts or discourses, literary and nonliterary. Deconstruction was both created and has been profoundly influenced by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. Have you ever seen the scaffolding that goes up during the construction of a building? The movement explored fundamental oppositions such as public and private, essence and accident, and substance and form. Deconstruction: The term denotes a particular kind of practice in reading and, thereby, a method of criticism and mode of analytical inquiry. Learn about Author Central . In Deconstruction, this is the opposite of the logo centric view. Deconstruction’s reception was coloured by its intellectual predecessors, most notably structuralism and New Criticism. The frame shows what the building will look like, but that's not the only part. Its apparently solid ground is no rock but thin air.”. Shift your focus a little, and you'll see the spaces between the frame's 'bones.' With an emphasis on readers and reading, Jonathan Culler considered deconstruction in terms of the questions raised by psychoanalytic, feminist, and reader-response criticism. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the 1960s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic of philosophical and literary texts. Conclusion Deconstruction theory believes in the dynamics of literature and language. 1. a theory of textual analysis positing that a text has no stable reference and questioning assumptions about the ability of language to represent reality. Categories: Linguistics, Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, Uncategorized, Tags: Deconstruction, Jacques Derrida, Roland Barthes, Stevens' Rock and Criticism as Cure. In the United States, the Critical Legal Studies movement applied deconstruction to legal writing in an effort to reveal conflicts between principles and counterprinciples in legal theory. He also rejected the structuralist belief that texts have identifiable “centres” of meaning–a belief structuralists shared with formalists. They reject the formalist view that a work of literature is demonstrably unified from beginning to end, in one certain way, or that it is organized around a single centre that ultimately can be identified. Although obviously a critical tool, it also lacks the sense, evident in Heidegger, that the text to be deconstructed is part of how European thought has somehow gone wrong and needs correction. (dē′kən-strŭk′shən) n. A philosophical movement and theory of literary criticism that questions traditional assumptions about certainty, identity, and truth; asserts that words can only refer to other words; and attempts to demonstrate how statements about any text subvert their own meanings. Deconstructive readings, in contrast, treated works of art not as the harmonious fusion of literal and figurative meanings but as instances of the intractable conflicts between meanings of different types. As a result, deconstructionists see texts as more radically heterogeneous than do formalists. Derrida, who coined the term deconstruction, argues that in Western culture, people tend to think and express their thoughts in terms of binary oppositions (white / black, masculine / feminine, cause /effect, conscious /unconscious, presence / absence, speech writing). Some…, …his poststructuralist project to “deconstruct” the binary structures of thinking on which Western culture appeared to be based and to expose the hierarchies of power sustained by such simple oppositions (such as the favouring of speech over writing or masculine over feminine). WHAT DO THEY THINK ABOUT HUMBERTO ECO THEORIES ABOUT THE MULTIPLES READINGS ANY TEXT HAVE INSIDE…. Beginning in France in the 1950s, the structuralist movement in anthropology analyzed various cultural phenomena as general systems of “signs” and attempted to develop “metalanguages” of terms and concepts in which the different sign systems could be described. Deconstruction is a poststructuralist theory, based largely but not exclusively on the writings of Derrida. But if you really want to set deconstruction to work, you've got to work to achieve that goal. Deconstruction is a poststructuralist theory, based largely but not exclusively on the writings of Derrida. In anthropology, deconstruction contributed to an increased awareness of the role that anthropological field-workers play in shaping, rather than merely describing, the situations they report on and to a greater concern about the discipline’s historical connections to colonialism. Formalist critics, such as the New Critics, assume that a work of literature is a freestanding, self-contained object whose meaning can be found in the complex network of relations between its parts (allusions, images, rhythms, sounds, etc.). This article was most recently revised and updated by, Deconstruction in the social sciences and the arts. The said three works had been published during the… Structuralist methods were soon applied to other areas of the social sciences and humanities, including literary studies. Deconstruction is a literary criticism movement originated by French critic Jacques Derrida in 1960’s. Some philosophers, especially those in the Anglo-American tradition, dismissed it as obscurantist wordplay whose major claims, when intelligible, were either trivial or false. Here the goal has been to interpret past texts; the intentions of the author, as revealed in those texts, set limits to possible interpretations even where they do not mandate a single one. In all the fields it influenced, deconstruction called attention to rhetorical and performative aspects of language use, and it encouraged scholars to consider not only what a text says but also the relationship—and potential conflict—between what a text says and what it “does.” In various disciplines, deconstruction also prompted an exploration of fundamental oppositions and critical terms and a reexamination of ultimate goals. Consequently, its diffusion was met with a sizeable body of opposition. ISBN-10: 0198128967. 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